Cuneiform texts from southern Mesopotamia begin to mention eastern Arabia as early as 3200 BC (Uruk IV). Known as Dilmun, the region acted as an entrepot for goods coming from India, southern and western Arabia. Frankincense and myrrh must have been included in these products. The tablet shown here is probably from the Sumerian city of Uruk and belongs to the Uruk III period (ca. 2900 B.C.). The mention of Dilmun on the reverse may be associated with grain rations.