The site of Andhur, in eastern Dhofar, known since the 1950's, has several components. The earliest material, may belong to the Late Neolithic/Bronze Age, based on lithics found on Mesa I (top portion of the picture with figures). In the saddle between Mesa I and II, a large number of hammerstones carried up from the valley below were also recovered. In the wadi walls opposite these mesas, a larghe number of flint nodule beds have been exposed. The current springs in the valley below during the Neolithic period were substantially larger (as evidenced by gypsum deposits).The later Iron Age and Islamic occupation is primarily concentrated on Mesa II. Here we see stone buildings and basins lined with plaster (similar to those found at Shisur). Scattered around the defensive wall found on Mesa I are ceramics characteristic of the region (see below). The present-day inhabitants of the mesa region are Mahra pastoralists.